Anne Peters



Anne Peters
P.O. Box 3926
Midway, KY 40347
(859) 846 - 9794


Resources for Breeders

You have a mare and you want to breed a Kentucky Derby winner out of her. Now what do you do?

First, you need to decide who to breed her to. If it's your first time, or if you're not that familiar with interpreting pedigrees, conformation, race records and stallion records, call in some help. Otherwise, there are a lot of tools out there to help you or just confuse you.

Get an updated pedigree of your mare so you know what's happened in her family most recently, which will give you ideas on what bloodlines she might work with. Look for stallions with bloodlines that have worked with her parents, and reverse the process, to see if those stallions have worked with her pedigree. Keep it up close. The further back you go in a pedigree, the less the influence. It reduces by half each generation. One cross of La Troienne in the seventh generation is not enough to base a mating on. Please, don't limit your search to a good nick rating. You want the whole pedigree working together, not just the tail male lines.

Make a list of potential stallions and if possible, go see them in person. If that's not possible, find photos to see if their conformation is acceptable and compatible with your mare. Don't use a stallion just because he has a good pedigree. Don't use a stallion just because he's standing for free in your neighbor's back yard.

Once you decide on a stallion, you have to arrange for a contract to breed your mare. There are several options. 1. You can call the farm where the horse stands directly and make the arrangements yourself.
2. You can call an agent or a breeder who might have a season available to the same horse.
3. You can purchase a season through one of the stallion season auctions that take place anytime between December and February before the breeding season. (See far left column.)
4. You can buy a share or breeding right in the stallion, which will give you lifetime access to the horse. This is expensive and usually costs more than a single season price.
5. Out of proceeds or "breed secure". A special arrangement in which the stallion farm takes the stud fee out of the auction sale of the pregnant mare, resulting weanling or yearling. This delays payment on the stud fee for the breeder. Specific terms and conditions may vary. The stud fee due depending on the sales price. The mare owner usually assumes all expenses, including veterinary.
6. Mare share or foal share. A special arrangement in which the stallion farm or syndicate becomes a partner with the breeder and splits the proceeds of the sale of the pregnant mare, resulting weanling or yearling. If the resulting sale brings more than twice the stud fee, for instance, the stallion farm will also get more than the advertized fee as a reward for their patience. Specific terms and conditions may vary from a straight up 50/50 split of the sale price to something else. The mare owner usually assumes all expenses, including veterinary.

You can have your advisor or farm manager make the arrangements for you, in which case most stallion farms will pay your agent a commission (5% of the stud fee) payable to them after you pay the stud fee, at no expense to the mare owner. This is a nice way to thank the person who advises you or takes care of your mare, but it's not mandatory. Out of proceeds, mare shares and foal shares usually don't pay commission.

Once you have located a season, ask for their "best price" since the season may be discounted to move it quicker. There may be package deals available that you could use with another mare to get the discount. Ask for the payment terms of the contract. The most common is "live foal guaranteed, payable when the foal stands and nurses." If the mare doesn't produce a live foal, no fee is due. There may also be "no guarantee" seasons available at a reduced fee (usually 60 to 70% off the live foal price) but these are paid in advance and are not refundable.

Your mare will be subject to approval, which is totally up to the owner of the season. They want to make sure the mare will produce a live foal as early as possible, so mares with a lot of blank years in their reproductive records will be suspect, as will mares with late breeding dates from last year, and old mares may also be questioned. Some farms don't care and just want as many mares bred as possible. On more elite stallions whose books fill up quickly, farms may discriminate on quality of the mare's race record and pedigree as well, to ensure a high quality book of mares.

If your mare is approved and a contract is sent, READ IT. All stallions standing in Kentucky are subject to a 6% sales tax. The stallion farms have to pay that to the state, so there's no negotiating that away. Don't be surprised when you see it on the bill, even from a private season owner.

Be aware that if the pregnant mare goes through a sale or changes hands before she foals, the stud fee will be due immediately with no guarantee. This is something a lot of breeders aren't aware of and so run into some last minute scrambling to get the mare through the ring. No payment, no stallion service certificate, and no sale company will sell her without one.

Make sure the contract is what you want, then sign it and return it as soon as possible. Most contracts are void if not returned after 30 days. Farms do not appreciate clients who request a contract and sit on it for weeks or months, or don't inform them if they've decided to go with another stallion. A quick turn around with the contract, or a simple call or email to cancel the contract is polite and appreciated.

When the mare foals, pay the stud fee and any tax. Your prompt payment (usually within 30 days of foaling) will result in the farm releasing the "stallion service certificate" which is required to complete the registration of the foal. It's The Jockey Club's way of confirming with the stallion farm that your mare was bred to their stallion legitimately and all is right with the world. If you have no service certificate, you can't complete the registration process, and with no registration papers, so you can't race or sell the foal as a thoroughbred.

Because stud fee payment terms are made very clear in the contracts, stallion farms or season owners expect payment in full and by the due date or they can resort to unpleasantness. They can withhold the stallion service certificate so you can not sell the pregnant mare, or register the foal until paid. They can also place a lien on the mare, foal or other thoroughbreds you own to get their money. If you've used an agent in this process and not paid on time, he or she will not get their commission, which will make them annoyed as well and they may not choose to do business with you in the future. So pay your bill on time and everyone will be happy.

If the mare didn't produce a foal, send a vet certificate to let the farm know why. If the mare had a live foal but the foal died shortly after birth, call the farm and they will often be understanding and not demand the fee.

Copyright by Anne Peters 2018.

Stallion Registers on-line
The Blood-Horse Stallion Register On-Line
If you can't find a particular stallion in the Blood-Horse stallion register, try one of these:
Thoroughbred Stallion Guide online
American Racehorse Stallion Register
(TX, OK, regional)
2021, 2020 and hypomating feature, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015
Arizona Thoroughbred Stallions
2018, 2017, 2016, 2015
California Thoroughbred Stallion Register
2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013
Florida Horse Stallion Register
, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011
Illinois Stallion Directory
2021, 2020, 2019, 2018
Iowa Thoroughbred Stallions
2021, 2020, 2019, 2018
Louisiana Stallion Register
2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016
Michigan Thoroughbred Stallions
2019, 2018, 2017
Mid Atlantic Thoroughbred Stallion Register (MD, NJ, PA, VA, WV) 2019, 2018
Minnesota Stallion listing
2019, 2018
New Mexico Stallion Directory
2020, 2019, 2018
Ohio Thoroughbred Stallion Register
2021, 2020, 2019, 2018
Oregon Stallion Farm Directory
2019, 2018, 2015
Pennsylvania Stallion Directory
Washington Stallion Directory
2021, 2020, 2019, 2018
West Virginia Thoroughbred Breeders Assoc Stallion Directory

Canadian Thoroughbred Stallion Register

England/Ireland/other European
Weatherbys Stallion Book 2021
Weatherbys Stallion Book 2019
Weatherbys Stallion Book 2018
Thoroughbred Stallion Guide online
2019, 2018 Stallion Directory
Australia and New Zealand
Japan Stallions (JRHA)
2020 Stallion Directory
2018 Stallion Directory
South Africa
Sporting Post list of Stallions
South American Stallions
El Turf Stallion Directory
South Korea (KRA)
Stud Book stallion listings
Stallion Season Auctions 2021:
Iowa Thoroughbred Breeders and Owners Assoc (ITBOA) December 5 - 14, 2020 at
OTBOA (Ohio TB Breeders and Owners)
December 7 - December 10, 2020
California Thoroughbred Breeders Assoc (CTBA)
December 14 - December 15, 2020 at
WTBOA (Washington TB Breeders and Owners Assoc)
December 16 - 23, 2020 at
Indiana Thoroughbred Alliance Auction
December 18 - 21, 2020 at
Nebraska HBPA Auction
December 26 - January 2, 2021
Texas Thoroughbred Assoc (TTA)
December 28 - January 12, 2021 2nd round
Maryland Stallion Season Auction
January 1 - 5, 2021
Minnesota Thoroughbred Association
January 3 - 11, 2021
TCA (Thoroughbred Charities of America)
January 6 - 8, 2021; live select auction January 12, 2021
PHBA (Pennsylvania Horse Breeders Assoc.)
January 12 - 18, 2021
New York Thoroughbred Breeders
January 14 - 16, 2021
Kansas Thoroughbred Association
January 17 - 19, 2021
Permanently Disabled Jockeys Fund
January 29 - February 1, 2021
North Dakota Thoroughbred Association
January 30, 2021
ITBOF (Illinois TB Breeders and Owners Foundation)
February (1st week in February) 2021
Thoroughbred Breeders Association of New Jersey
February 6 - 8, 2021
VTA (Virginia TB Association)
February 10, 2021
Stallion Season Auctions 2020:
WTBOA (Washington TB Breeders and Owners Assoc)
December 17 - 22, 2019
OTBOA (Ohio TB Breeders and Owners)
January 4 - 5, 2020
Minnesota Thoroughbred Association
Bk 1: January 4 - 13, 2020
TCA (Thoroughbred Charities of America)
January 8 - 10, 2020; live auction January 12, 2020
NYTB (New York TB Breeders)
January 14 - 16, 2020
Minnesota Thoroughbred Association
Bk 2: January 14 - 31, 2020
PHBA (Pennsylvania Horse Breeders Assoc.)
January 16 - 18, 2020
ITBOF (Illinois TB Breeders and Owners Foundation)
February (1st week in February) 2020
VTA (Virginia TB Association)
February 11, 2020
Sites with seasons and shares listings on-line
Bluegrass Thoroughbred Services (John Stuart, Sandy Stuart)
Bradley Thoroughbreds (Pete Bradley)
Thomas Clark Bloodstock (Tom Clark)
McCann Bloodstock (Tom McCann)
Shumer Bloodstock Agency (Chad Schumer)
McPeek Racing (Kenny McPeek)
Todd Pletcher Racing (Todd Pletcher)
State/Provincial Breeders Organizations
Arizona Thoroughbred Breeders Assoc (ATBA)
California Thoroughbred Breeders Assoc (CTBA)
Florida Thoroughbred Breeders Assoc (FTBOA)
Illinois Thoroughbred Breeders and Owners Foundation (ITBOF)
Indiana Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Assoc (ITOBA)
Iowa Thoroughbred Breeders and Owners Assoc (ITBOA)
Kansas Thoroughbred Assoc (KTA)
Kentucky Thoroughbred Association/ Kentucky Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders (KTA/KTOB)
Louisiana Thoroughbred Breeders Assoc (LTBA)
Maryland Horse Breeders Assoc (MHBA)
Michigan Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Assoc (MTOBA)
Minnesota Thoroughbred Assoc (MTA)
New Jersey - Thoroughbred Breeders Assoc of New Jersey (TBANJ)
New Mexico Horse Breeders Assoc (NMHBA)
New York Thoroughbred Breeders (NYTB)
North Dakota Thoroughbred Assoc (NDTA)
Ohio Thoroughbred Breeders and Owners Assoc (OTBO)
Oklahoma - Thoroughbred Racing Assoc of Oklahoma (WVTBA)
Oregon Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Assoc (OTOBA)
Pennsylvania Horse Breeders Assoc (PHBA)
Texas Thoroughbred Assoc (TTA)
Virginia Thoroughbred Assoc (VTA)
Washington Thoroughbred Breeders and Owners Assoc (WTBOA)
West Virginia Thoroughbred Breeders Assoc (WVTBA)

Canadian Thoroughbred Horse Society National Office (CTHS)
Alberta (CTHS Alberta)
British Columbia (CTHS BC)
Manitoba (CTHS Manitoba)
Ontario (CTHS Ontario)